But even George Parr could not save Texas for Adlai Stevenson four years later in the presidential contest of 1952. Rich with Mexican origins, a Mexican first surveyed it in 1804, Jose Contrerras, surveyor general of San Luis Potosi. Parr [right] controlled the votes in southern Texas. Not long after, a wave of Anglo immigrants entered the county to raise sheep. In the 2004 presidential election, it went solidly for Democrat John F. Kerry of Massachusetts, while George W. Bush carried the state as a whole by a wide margin. As of the 2010 census, its population was 11,782. In 2020, as South Texas has shown a trend towards the Republican party, Joe Biden's performance was far worse than Clinton's. Coordinates: 27°41′N 98°31′W / 27.68°N 98.52°W / 27.68; -98.52, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties. 11 Uncovering the Hidden 143. I liked the nickname immediately, as there happens to have been a small town of the same name, not much more than an intersection of two roads, near the farm in Barton County where I grew up. Englishmen, Frenchmen, Germans, Irishmen, and Scots came. There was a rural school in Duval before Missouri schools consolidated in the mid 1960s. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,782 people living in the county. Language: en Pages: 440. I hunt all over the U.S. One of my most memorable hunts occurred in Duval County, Texas. His five opponents got 77. Known as “ the Duke ” of Duval County, Parr ruled much of South Texas through patronage and force, regularly fixing elections. He also made sure that he was well taken care of by stealing from the county every dollar he could. a TIME subscriber. Hacienda San Buena Ventura: A History of a Duval County, Texas Ranch by Ancencion Garcia Vere Published by the author, 1993 . George Parr, the "Duke of Duval," and his cronies became more deeply entrenched than ever, despite his imprisonment in 1936 for tax evasion. Dukes Of Duval County ... Anthony R. Carrozza reveals the innermost workings of the Parr dynasty, a political machine that drove South Texas politics for more than seventy years and critically influenced the course of the nation. Posted by 1 year ago. He barely carried a majority, and Donald Trump came in just over two percentage points behind him. If you check the "Remember me" box, you will be automatically signed in for 30 days to TIME.com when you visit in the future. The progenitor of Texas’s most notorious machine politicians, the elder George Parr, was born in 1829 in Virginia. Duval County's reputation for political corruption peaked with Lyndon B. Johnson's election to the United States Senate in 1948. County in the heart of the south Texas triangle, a team of sheriffs, In tiny San Diego (pop. First taken with dengue, after a few days stricken with paralysis of the left hand. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.90 males. The median age was 34 years. Part III Treading Water. Some died under the code duello but more by foul play; the victims were usually Mexican. 88.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). [3] It is named for Burr H. Duval, a soldier in the Texas Revolution who died in the Goliad Massacre. After the Texas-Mexican Railway was built in 1881, its San Diego station was important for hides, wool, and cotton. The Texas Legislature established Duval County on February 1, 1858. 1 Texas Politics 3. 9 Buddy Floyd 98. If you are accessing TIME.com on a public computer, you are advised not to click on the "Remember me" option. Towards the end of the race, it looked like Stevenson was ahead. The Duke of Duval. Police officials said the body of the 74‐year‐old “Duke of Duval” was slumped over the steering wheel of his car. In 1946, through the influence of Texas … For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. The first colonists came from Mier, Tamaulipas - and Anglos later respected their descendants as the old Mexican families. Claude Tibilier died from paralysis. 4,750), seat of Duval In tiny San Diego (pop. The Duke of Duval. Prosperity in the 1880s eased ethnic animosities. George B. Parr, the political boss of Duval County for more than thirty years, son of Elizabeth Allen and Archer Parr, was born in San Diego, Texas, on March 1, 1901. (George Parr simultaneously arranged the more famous electoral fraud for Johnson in Alice, Texas.)[18]. As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 13,120 people, 4,350 households, and 3,266 families living in the county. Boston University Libraries. [12] In the 1964,[13] 1968[14] and 1972 presidential elections, Duval was the most Democratic county in the country. I don’t like feeding my family store bought meat for a number of reasons I’ll leave for a different discussion. George was later elected sheriff. Archived . Archer Parr III, George's nephew and adopted brother, later held both those offices. Dukes of Duval County begins with Archie Parr’s organization of the Mexican American electorate into a potent voting bloc, which marked the beginning of his three-decade campaign for control of every political office in Duval County and the surrounding area. Dukes of Duval County: The Parr Family and Texas Politics: Carrozza, Anthony R.: 9780806157719: Books - Amazon.ca In 1945, Duval County commissioners gave Parr $662,000 to buy the 55,000-acre Dobie ranch, a loan never repaid. 87.0% were White, 0.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 9.8% of some other race and 1.7% of two or more races. Dukes of Duval County. 4 George Becomes the Duke 39. Experience . Ebooks herunterladen The Fall of the Duke of Duval: An Aggressive Federal Prosecutor Tells the In the 2008 presidential election Barack Obamareceived 74.80 percent of the county's vote. Many people knew what was going on in Duval County since businessmen from Corpus Christi, including my father Clinton E. Smith, CPA, interfaced with George Parr's regime in their normal business dealings. In all … In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The bullet wound was in the right temple. With a tip of his Stetson to the Duke of Duval, “Landslide Lyndon” went merrily off to Washington and took a giant step down the road to the White House. Garcia countered that a closer look will reveal that Duval County politics are not like everywhere else, Instead, it's the same system that Duval County has been known for since the great patron, George Parr, also known as the "Duke of Duval," helped Lyndon B. Johnson steal a U.S. Senate election in the infamous 1948 "Box 13" voter fraud scandal, Garcia said. Archie Parr, his son George, and his grandson Archer relied on violence and corruption to deliver the votes that propelled their chosen candidates to office. 6 Investigations and Court Battles 66 . The fall of the Duke of Duval County, written by the G-Man that brought him down after the government had given up ever bringing him to "justice", is a well written insight to a political boss's domain that may have shaped the destiny of the United States by his making sure that LBJ was elected senator in the late 40's. Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . The Duke of Duval reigned supreme in his South Texas domain in the 1930's while I was in early school years in Corpus Christi, Texas near Duval and Jim Wells Counties. Waco: Texian Press. The item The Duke of Duval : the life & times of George B. Parr : a biography, by Dudley Lynch represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in The Duke of Duval : the life & times of George B. Parr : a biography, by Dudley Lynch represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a © 2019 TIME USA, LLC. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. A vigilante group from Duval and McMullen County found a great pile of cowhides (presumably from stolen animals) near the county line; they lynched 15 Mexicans there. 4,750), seat of Duval County in the heart of the south Texas triangle, a team of sheriffs, marshals, and Texas Rangers was closing in on its man. At thirteen he served as his father's pageboy in the Texas Senate. If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free! He ran the county with an iron fist while handing out political favors to those who supported him. The median income for a household in the county was $22,416, and the median income for a family was $26,014. The Duke of Duval: The Life and Times of George B. Parr Waco: Texian Press, 1976. [6], According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,796 square miles (4,650 km2), of which 1,793 square miles (4,640 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.1%) is water.[7]. Any follower of Duval County or Texas politics is familiar with the name of George B. Parr, the patron and political kingmaker. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.40. Dukes of Duval County Book Description : The notorious Parr family manipulated local politics in South Texas for decades. About 23.00% of families and 27.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.90% of those under age 18 and 25.30% of those age 65 or over. The Texas Almanac of 1867 reported that Duval and nearby Dimmit County had only four stock raisers and their population was unlikely to grow much absent the discovery of mineral wealth. Experience . [20] Meanwhile, then Texas Attorney General John Ben Shepperd brought some three hundred state indictments against county and school officials. 500 Duval Residents Petition Texas Legislature Ask That Duval County Be Dissolved and Attached to Live Oak County Conditions Are Intolerable Rep. Burmeister of McMullen County introduced the bill. 87.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 5 The 1948 Senate Election 51. 12 Court Time 155. Part II The Peak of Power. Authors: Anthony R. Carrozza. Brownsville, Texas U.S.A. Kennedy. Close. Dukes of Duval County Book Description : The notorious Parr family manipulated local politics in South Texas for decades. The death rate rivaled Tombstone, Arizona's. Corpus Christi Caller, March 5, 1915 March 6. Mail 8 Gathering Forces 89. marshals, and Texas Rangers was closing in on its man. [4], The corrupt Parr family political machine dominated Duval and nearby Jim Wells counties during the twentieth century, and were instrumental in the 1948 election of Lyndon B. Johnson to the US Senate,[5] and to some extent the 1960 presidential election which threw Texas to John F. Death of the Duke; After the Duke. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km2). 2 The Duke of Duval 12. The per capita income for the county was $11,324. [16], After the initial election returns in the 1948 Democrat runoff primary election for U.S. Senate, Duval County added 425 votes for Lyndon B. Johnson over Coke R. Stevenson. There was George Parr, the political strongman of Duval County for four decades, the notorious Duke of Duval, who taught Clinton Manges the lessons of the political boss’s trade. George Parr was known as the Duke of Duval from the 1930s to the mid 1970s for a good reason. Then it spied Social. The racial makeup of the county was 80.22% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.46% from other races, and 3.11% from two or more races. pp 8-10. Parr, George Berham [1901–1975] (1901–1975). Summary "A comprehensive study of the Parr family's political activities in South Texas, how three generations manipulated the ballot box in Duval County and the surrounding areas through violence and corruption for more than seventy years and critically influenced the course of the nation"--Provided by publisher. Crosswinds of Duval Co. by Forrest H. Clark 3C Publishers 1991 . The Fall of the Duke of Duval: A Prosecutor's Journal by John E. Clark The Fall of the Duke of Duval: A Prosecutor's Journal by John E. Clark. 3 George Parr's Early Years 27. Everyone watched the candidate he backed and his influence was the stuff of legends. Lynch, Dudley M. (January 1, 1976). 13. A.45‐caliber pistol and … I like to hunt. The last Republican to carry the county was Theodore Roosevelt in 1904. Johnson did not contest the 1941 election results, most likely because he did not want to invite scrutiny: His campaign had engaged in questionable voting practices with the help of men like political boss George Parr. Duval County is notorious for corrupt politics, particularly during the early and mid-20th century, when it was largely controlled by the political machine of Texas State Senator Archie Parr and his son George Parr, each in his turn called El Patrón or the "Duke of Duval". Archie Parr Archer "Archie" Parr (December 25, 1860 or 1859 – October 18, 1942), was a Texas cattle rancher and politician, who was nicknamed "the Duke of Duval County," where he was the local Democratic Party political boss. Known as “the Duke” of Duval County, Parr ruled much of South Texas through patronage and force, regularly fixing elections. [19] Givens Parr had been county judge before his younger brother George. The last Republican to carry the county was Theodore Roosevelt in 1904. There were 4,350 households, out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 16.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Duval County, "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010", "Presidential election of 1904 - Map by counties", "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections", "George Parr inherited his father's political dynasty", "Cowboy from Matagorda founded political dynasty", National Register of Historic Places Sites, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duval_County,_Texas&oldid=989265684, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:24. In 1942, Stevenson carried Duval with 2,836 votes. Learn more about the benefits of being The Duke of Duval was a real person. Dukes of Duval County: The Parr Family and Texas Politics eBook: Carrozza, Anthony R.: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store Not so well known is the Duke of Duval’s grandfather and the first George Berham Parr. 7 Bill Mason 79. I learned about him on a recent trip to Texas. Archie Parr, his son George, and his grandson Archer relied on violence and corruption to deliver the votes that propelled their chosen candidates to office. Services . He helped root out illegal gambling rings in Galveston and worked on political corruption cases involving George Parr, the “Duke of Duval County” who helped LBJ become a … All rights reserved. Like much of heavily Hispanic South Texas, Duval County is a Democratic stronghold. During this boom, the county seat enjoyed formal balls and haute cuisine. 13 Fighting to Keep Control … For more information, please visit TIME's Privacy Policy. [15] In the 2004 presidential election, it went solidly for Democrat John F. Kerry of Massachusetts, while George W. Bush carried the state as a whole by a wide margin. [2] The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1876. Dwight Eisenhower soundly beat the Democrat by better than 133,000 votes. Males had a median income of $25,601 versus $16,250 for females. the fugitive's 1969 Chrysler Imperial at the edge of a quiet pasture, In all the Democratic candidate consistently received more than seventy percent of the county's vote between 1956 and 2012, although Hillary Clinton's 2016 result was the weakest by a Democrat since at least Adlai Stevenson II. The Hotel Martinet's Sunday feast drew patrons from Corpus Christi, 50 miles (80 km) to the East. Duval County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. But in 1886 the sheep began to die, and the boom died down. Categories: History. Like much of heavily Hispanic South Texas, Duval County is a Democratic stronghold. 10 Empire under Attack 112. But Johnson had a secret weapon -- the "Duke of Duval County," George Parr.

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