It was an expression of a complex culture, built by a hierarchical society whose leaders planned and organized the labor of many workers for such construction. Today, the remaining 2-acre site area serves as a passive public park under the management of the Florida Division of Historical Resources, Bureau of Archaeological Research (BAR). Willey, Gordon, "Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast," Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1949, pg. The peoples of the Fort Walton culture used mostly sand, grit, grog, or combinations of these materials as tempering agents in their pottery, whereas the Pensacola culture peoples used the more typical Mississippian culture shell tempering for their pottery. [7] In 1940 the highly respected archaeologist Gordon Willey and Richard Woodbury reexamined the Fort Walton Mound and other sites Moore had visited. The museum opened in 1988.[18]. Serving the defense, energy, land development, construction, forestry, communication, and transportation industries for over 30 years. 3), John F. Scarry's Fort Walton Ceramic Typology has been used by archaeologists at Mission San Luis. The Fort Walton Mound (8OK6) is an archaeological site located in present-day Fort Walton Beach, Florida, United States. John Love McKinnon, an officer with the Walton Guards at the time, wrote a description of their excavation in his book "History of Walton County. Fort Walton Incised. Named after Fort Walton Beach, on the Florida Gulf Coast. [3], By the Late Fort Walton period increased contact with Lamar Phase peoples from central Georgia saw another change in styles of decoration and manufacture of ceramics. archaeology, the park is located in the heart of downtown Fort Walton Beach. The platform mound, comparable to the pyramids of the Aztecs and Mayans, was the center of a CTL Contact Info. Through more work in the area archaeologist have now come to believe the Ft. Walton site was actually built and used by people of the contemporaneous Pensacola culture. [4] The mound served as the ceremonial and political center of their chiefdom and probably the residence of the chief. "[5] McKinnon noted that several human remains the soldiers unearthed were from large individuals and probably belonged to warriors as indicated by damage they observed on the skulls, thighs and arms bones consistent with hacking and blunt force trauma. The Lake Jackson Mounds site in Leon County is the largest known ceremonial center of the Fort Walton culture, although there are eight other known ceremonial sites in the Apalachee Province. Successive leaders were buried in the mound and additional layers were added over time. It was also the burial ground of the elites in the society. However, along St. Joseph Bay and throughout coastal regions of the Apalachicola River Valley, Fort Walton sites lack archaeological evidence for The Confederate soldiers established "Camp Walton" at the base of Fort Walton Mound in 1861 during the Civil War to guard Santa Rosa Sound and Choctawhatchee Bay. [14] The site was abandoned by 1500 A.D. but the exact reason for the abandonment is unknown. Illustrations of the full range of types are included on the following pages by permission of the author. [3] Because of its significance, the mound was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964. Fort Walton Incised. [6]:862, Clarence Bloomfield Moore also excavated the mound in 1901 and brought many before unseen ceramic vessels and burial items to light. Point Washington Incised. FORT WALTON BEACH — The Emerald Coast Archaeology Society is holding a demonstration dig 10 a.m.-4 p.m. March 23 on Brooks Street at the rear of the Cinema Plus building. Fairbanks, Charles, "Excavations at the Fort Walton Temple Mound, 1960," Florida Anthropologist, Vol. It was also the burial ground of the elites in the society. FORT WALTON (Culture Keyword) 1-14 (14 Records) Archaeological Investigations at Six Sites in the Apalachicola River Valley, Northwest Florida (1994) Emerald Coast Archaeology Society. The Fort Walton culture is the term used by archaeologists for a late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture that flourished in southeastern North America from approximately 1200~1500 CE and is associated with the historic Apalachee people. A number of crops were successful including corn, beans, and squash. By sometime in the late 1600s the mound was abandoned by its original builders and lay dormant in use until the area was reinhabited by white settlers in the mid 19th century. The mound served as the ceremonial and political center of their chiefdom and probably the residence of the chief. At the center of the village and its supporting agricultural lands, the mound served as the platform for the temple and residence of the chief. The Fort Walton Mound was probably built around 800 CE, although Charles H. Fairbankswho excavated the mound in 1960 believed it was built between 1500 and 1650 based on pottery sherds he uncovered and analyzed. Fort Walton style ticked rims. The Walton Guard soldiers are the first recorded group to have excavated the mound. Marsh Island Incised. [12] The last excavation of the Fort Walton Mound occurred in 1976 by then FSU graduate student Nina Thanz (Borremans). Fort Walton Mound The Fort Walton Mound is an archaeological site located in present-day Fort Walton Beach, Florida, United States.The large platform mound was built about 850 CE by the Pensacola culture, a local form of the Mississippian culture. Using this unique combination of sand/grit/grog tempering as its criterion Fort Walton culture is now defined within the geographical area stretching from the Aucilla River in the east to a Pensacola–Fort Walton transitional area around Choctawhatchee Bay in the west and north into the interior of south Alabama and Georgia, 107 miles (172 km) up the Apalachicola River and 50 miles (80 km) up the Chattahoochee River. 61-81. Jun 21, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Becky O'Sullivan. Florida archaeologists generically label all of the hierarchal towns in northwestern Florida as the Fort Walton Culture, after a mound at Fort Walton Beach, FL. [10] Throughout the 1960s and 1970s the Fort Walton Mound was excavated by members of the museum staff under the guidance of William and Yulee Lazarus. Another Fort Walton site we are working on is Yon Mound, which was first excavated by C. B. Moore in 1902 . Since it was first published in The Florida Anthropologist in 1985 (Vol. Illustrations of the full range of types are included on the following pages by permission of the author. Heritage Park & Cultural Center- Fort Walton Beach, FL Photo Courtesy: fwb.org. Collections Manager Ceramic Technology Laboratory Florida Archaeology 352-273-1924 Twitter: @CeramicTechLab. ECAS is a nonprofit Florida corporation that represents Okaloosa, Walton, and Bay counties.. We provide expertise, generally at no charge, to individuals, government agencies, and companies who have archaeological questions that would otherwise go unanswered. Archaeological evidence suggests that several buildings once stood on top of the mound, perhaps at different times thr… Opened in 2010, the Civil War Exhibits Building features displays about Florida's history during the American Civil War. U.S. National Register of Historic Places, "National Register of Historical Places - Florida (FL), Okaloosa County", http://140.247.102.177/Willey/grw.html#June6, "Modeling Fort Walton Culture in Northwest Florida", Fort Walton Heritage Park and Cultural Center, Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs, Indian Temple Mound Museum and Fort Walton Temple Mound, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, History of the National Register of Historic Places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fort_Walton_Mound&oldid=988113980, Pre-Columbian art museums in the United States, National Register of Historic Places in Okaloosa County, Florida, Tourist attractions in Okaloosa County, Florida, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 04:28. See more Fort Walton Series 3D models via Sketchfab. Thanz was tasked with making sure the reconstruction of a temple building being planned for the top of the mound would not disturb any human remains or artifacts during construction. Still reduced by time, the massive mound is still 12 feet (3.7 m) high and 223 feet (68 m) wide at the base. Indian Temple Mound & Museum and Wat Mongkolratanaram Buddhist temple are archaeological spots that are also worth seeing. Fort Walton Beach, Florida Archaeology, History, Natural History The City of Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center consists of the Indian Temple Mound Museum, the Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, the Garnier Post Office Museum, the Fort Walton Temple Mound … Another large site located nearby is the Velda Mound, which was occupied from approximately 14… Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Ft. Walton Incised, fine incised and punctated. The park is centered around the noted Fort Walton Temple Mound, a major ceremonial structure build by Native Americans of the Mississippian culture (A.D. 900-1500). [9] By 1960 Dr. Charles Fairbanks, an archaeologist and professor at Florida State University, was contacted by the city and he excavated the mound to determine the original size, shape, and construction method of the mound. 213-214, White, Nancy Marie, "Grit-Tempered: Early Women Archaeologists in the Southeastern United States," pg. 163-177, Lazarus, Yulee, "Fort Walton Temple Mound (8OK6M): Further Test Excavations, DePauw 1973," Florida Anthropologist, vol. [4] Another large site located nearby is the Velda Mound, which was occupied from approximately 1450 to 1625. By Gary McKechnie. Emerald Coast Archaelogy Society (ECAS)is a group of amateur archaeology enthusiasts that is a chapter of the Florida Anthropological Society serving Okaloosa, Walton, and Bay Counties. Fort Walton Mound (850 AD) July 11, 2007 February 12, 2015 Gary C. Daniels Florida , Florida Mississippian Period From the Mississippian Period, this mound is the largest on salt water and possibly the largest prehistoric earthwork on the Gulf coast and is thought to be built around 800 AD. It has been speculated that this was due to the arrival of European settlers, but this statement is unproven because the sites were already found abandoned by Spanish explorers years before. Prentice Thomas & Associates, Inc. (PTA) was established by Dr. Prentice M. Thomas in 1977 (then referred to as New World Research) to provide a range of archaeological and cultural resource management (CRM) services to a wide range of clientele. XVIII, No. The current museum building opened to the public in 1972 and is located on Highway 98 in the heart of historic downtown Fort Walton Beach, Florida. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE[3] when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539. Welcome. [8] Their work here was mentioned in Willey's highly acclaimed work "Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast," which he completed when he worked for the Bureau of American Ethnology Smithsonian Institution. Marsh Island Incised. Walker, S.T., "Annual report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1883". The company has 4 principals on record. 38, No. Time: 10:30 am til 11:30 am Location: Fort Walton Beach Library, 185 Miracle Strip Pkwy SE, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548 Description: What do archaeologists do, exactly? ... Florida Archaeology 352-273-1924 Twitter: @CeramicTechLab. [5] A couple decades after the Civil War, in 1883 S.T. 68. [11] In 1971-1973 with the help of Depauw University's Robert J. Fornaro the mound was excavated to locate post holes and recover ceramic material that might fit vessels found earlier. According to the first curator of the Indian Temple Mound Museum Yulee Lazarus the reconstruction of the temple building that currently stands on top of the mound was never intended on being a "replica," but rather to "bolster the imagination and interpretation of the Indians' use of the temple mound. If dinosaurs and rocks come to mind, this is the presentation for you! Archaeology, Florida Archaeology, Southeastern U.S. Archaeology, North American Indians, South American Archaeology, European Prehistory, Archaeological Theory, Gender in Cross-cultural Perspective, Introduction to Anthropology, Ecological Anthropology, Human Evolution and Culture, Public Archaeology, Archaeological Field School and Lab Methods, and Archaeological Methods Discover (and save!) This new phase is known as the Leon-Jefferson culture. The Heritage Park & Cultural Center is a foundation focused on the preservation and education of the history of the Fort Walton Beach community and the Northwest Florida area from 14,000 B.C. [6]:854 Walker surveyed several mounds in the Florida Panhandle and noted that many curiosity seekers had dug into the mound over the years. your own Pins on Pinterest When you drive along Highway 98 in Fort Walton Beach there's a chance you may miss something that is really something. The dig is to celebrate Florida Archaeology Month, to gain archaeological knowledge and to interest the public in archaeology and local history. [1] Early archaeologists thought that the Fort Walton culture represented the intrusion of peoples from Mexico or Mississippian cultures from the northwest replacing the indigenous Weeden Island peoples, but by the late 1970s this theory was generally discounted. These buildings were probably done in the typical wattle and daub construction common among Southeastern Native American groups. These late prehistoric, Mississippi-period (A.D. 1000e1500) peoples collected fish, shellfish, and other aquatic resources. As a result, many questions will remain unanswered carvings that Sears (1982) recovered during his excavations until more research can be done. The Fort Walton culture is the term used by archaeologists for a late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture that flourished in southeastern North America from approximately 1200~1500 CE and is associated with the historic Apalachee people. The mound served combined ceremonial, political and religious purposes. [1], The Lake Jackson Mounds site in Leon County is the largest known ceremonial center of the Fort Walton culture, although there are eight other known ceremonial sites in the Apalachee Province. [6], Late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture, "An archaeological assessment of the Bradfordville Commercial Tract in Leon County, Florida", "Modeling Fort Walton Culture in Northwest Florida", "SEAC Reviews : The Apalachee Indians and Mission San Luis, by John H. Hann and Bonnie G. McEwan", "Prehistoric and Protohistoric Fort Walton at the Thick Greenbriar Site (8JA417), Northwest Florida", Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fort_Walton_culture&oldid=964144208, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 June 2020, at 20:44. (Or perhaps it was 1600 CE; no one knows for sure). Extensive excavations at inland Fort Walton (A.D. 1300) sites and observations made by contact-period Spaniards indicate that these late prehistoric natives were sedentary maize farmers. Fort Walton Mound, in the Indian Temple Mound and Museum, Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center. "[13], The mounds were built by the people of the Pensacola culture, a regional variation of the Mississippian culture. 28, no. The Garnier Post Office Museum is an original small rural post office that displays the postal history of Camp Walton and Fort Walton with emphasis from 1900 to the 1950s. He speculated that the area they dug into was once a charnel house. [3] The Fort Walton culture was named for the site by archaeologist Gordon Willey, but later work in the area has led archaeologists to believe the Fort Walton site was actually built and used by people of the contemporaneous Pensacola culture. The peoples of the Ft. Walton culture used mostly sand, grit, grog, or combinations of these materials as tempering agents in their pottery, whereas the Pensacola culture peoples used the more typical Mississippian culture shell tempering for their pottery. The Fort Walton Mound was probably built around 800 CE, although Charles H. Fairbanks who excavated the mound in 1960 believed it was built between 1500 and 1650 based on pottery sherds he uncovered and analyzed. 151. This group of people inhabited these mounds from about A.D. 1050 to A.D. 1500. Learn about the science of archaeology, its role as part of the field of anthropology, where archaeologists … McKinnon, John, "History of Walton County," pg. [17] It opened for use for the community children from 1912 to 1936. Fort Walton Gastropod Seasonality abstract Recent archaeological investigations indicate that coastal Fort Walton cultures in the St. Joseph Bay re-gion of northwest Florida emphasized marine and estuarine foraging. Food and Shopping in Fort Walton Beach. [5] Other sites include the Yon Mound and Village Site in Liberty County, and the Thick Greenbriar Site in Jackson County. This period sees the collapse of the chiefdoms as aboriginal populations declined following contact with European explorers and colonizers, such as the Hernando de Soto Expedition in 1539. The Boardwalk is the hub of locally-owned shops and restaurants. [15], The people are recognized as being one of the most successful pre-Columbian cultures in regards to agriculture. Brose, David and Nancy White, "The Northwest Florida Expedition of Clarence Bloomfield Moore," University of Alabama Press, 1999, pgs. 243. If archaeology is a science, as has been argued sincethe late 1960s, archaeologists must use the scientific method to reconstruct prehistoric societies. As with many of Florida's mound structures, the Fort Walton Mound was first excavated by antiquarians and amateur archaeologists. 4, December 1965, pg. The Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum was the original one-room schoolhouse built in 1911. 4, December 1975. This is one of three surviving mound complexes in the panhandle, the others being Letchworth Mounds and Lake Jackson Mounds state parks. The large platform mound was built between 800-1400 CE by the Pensacola Culture, a localized form of the better known, Mississippian Period Culture. The flat top was used for ceremonies, temples, and residences for high-ranking officials.[16]. Point Washington Incised. Hours, Tickets + Directions; Staff Directory; Legal On the north side of the 100 block of the Miracle Strip Parkway (aka Highway 98) is a large earthen mound built by the Pensacola culture Indians who lived here and built this around 800 CE. The city-owned and operated Indian Temple Mound Museum features pre-Columbian artifacts found on site and from other locations, as well as a variety of exhibits on later Native American and Floridian history including artifacts from the European Explorers, local pirates and early settlers. Walker wrote a report about excavating the mound for the Smithsonian Institution. The mound itself appears in a common architectural fashion for the period with features such as a pyramidal base with a truncated top. A: Fort Walton Incised pottery fragment, B: Carrabelle Punctate pottery fragment, C: Pinellas type projectile point, D: charred maize (Zea mays) cobs, E: burned clay with palm frond impression. Dots, Squares, and occasionally hollow-reed punctations decorate the pot along with the incised lines. Image source: TripAdvisor. The museum was first opened in 1962 and the current location was opened in 1972. The address is 139 Miracle Strip Pkwy SE, near the intersection of State Road 85 and U.S. Route 98, in the Florida Panhandle. The large platform mound was built about 850 CE by the Pensacola culture, a local form of the Mississippian culture. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539. Artifacts from Hernando de Soto Winter Encampment archaeological site excavations are displayed inside the Martin House, which is located on the property. Introduction to Archaeology for Kids! [1], The Fort Walton culture was named by archaeologist Gordon Willey for the Fort Walton Mound site near Fort Walton Beach, Florida, based on his work at the site. Lindsay Bloch, Ph.D. Data from controlled contexts are needed for modelbuilding, then newdatafor Fort Walton Mound is now protected as part of the Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center, which features several museums included with admission: the Indian Temple Mound Museum, Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, Garnier Post Office Museum and Civil War Exhibits Building. Listed in the Florida Master Site File as Fort Walton Mound (8OK6), and also called "Indian Temple Mound", this archaeological site is located in present-day Fort Walton Beach, Florida. The site also served as a voting location. [2], Approximately 1000 to 1200 CE local Weeden Island peoples began adapting and adopting intensive maize agriculture, the building of platform mounds for ceremonial, political and religious purposes and making a new variety of ceramics, changes likely influenced by contact with the major Mississippian culture centers to the north and west. Fort Walton Beach, Florida Archaeology, History, Natural History The City of Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center consists of the Indian Temple Mound Museum, the Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, the Garnier Post Office Museum, the Fort Walton Temple Mound … 38, No. The Fort Walton and later Leon-Jefferson peoples are the direct ancestors of the Apalachee peoples. The Fort Walton Culture is a southern variant of the Mississippian Culture (also known as the Mound Builders). Archaeological evidence suggests that several buildings once stood on top of the mound, perhaps at different times throughout its use. Opened in 1976, the museum features early-20th-century desks and education items. The Fort Walton Temple Mound, built between 800 and 1400 A.D., is a National Historic Landmark. Walker noted that Dr. S.S. Forbes from Milton, Florida, had excavated the mound previously and discovered bones and several clay effigies which he later donated to the Smithsonian. The company's principal address is Emerald Coast Archaeology Soceity Inc. 139 Miracle Strip Parkway Se, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548 and its mailing address is Emerald Coast Archaeology Soceity Inc. 139 Miracle Strip Parkway Se, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548. Settlement types include single family homesteads, multi family hamlets, small single mound centers, and large multimound centers. In 1962 the Indian Temple Mound Museum opened as the first municipally owned and operated museum in the State of Florida. Archaeological ly, Fort Center is research on this aspect of the site came after the fieldwork was most famous for its mortuary pond and intricate wooden effigy finished. She found several post holes from different structures built on top of the mound and evidence for a charnel house. [1] The hierarchical settlement patterns suggests the area may have had one or more paramount chiefdoms. The City of Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center consists of the Indian Temple Mound Museum, Fort Walton Temple Mound, Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, Garnier Post Office Museum and the newly opened Civil War Exhibit Hall. Florida Museum Newsletters Subscribe Now Museum Info. Find Roman Art and Archaeology at Fort Walton Beach, Florida, along with other Social Sciences in Fort Walton Beach, Florida. through the 1950’s. Sorting Criteria. Her findings of post holes became one source of the dimensions to the building structure that stands on the mound today. Deep, wide, and rectangular incisions on grit-tempered pottery. Test excavations determined that Velda was a Fort Walton village dating to ca AD 1450-1625. Fort Walton material culture apparently represents the last original natives of this valley, who either died out by 1700 or merged with newcomers from other indian groups fleeing the effects of European colonization. Lazarus, Yulee, "A Temple-Style Shelter on the Fort Walton Temple Mound," Florida Journal of Anthropology, pg. [2], Layouts and locations for Fort Walton sites are similar to other Mississippian culture sites, with the exception of sites in the Tallahassee Hills area which because of the local geography are located around lakes and swamps instead of rivers. Since it was first published in The Florida Anthropologist in 1985 (Vol. 3), John F. Scarry's Fort Walton Ceramic Typology has been used by archaeologists at Mission San Luis. Include single family homesteads, multi family hamlets, small single mound centers, and other aquatic resources southern... United States, '' Florida Journal of Anthropology, pg Leon-Jefferson culture permission of chief. Illustrations of the author [ 18 ] education items mound ( 8OK6 ) is an archaeological located. Abandoned by 1500 A.D. but the exact reason for the abandonment is unknown Jackson mounds State.! Truncated top and evidence for a charnel house, Mississippi-period ( A.D. 1000e1500 ) collected... A.D. 1000e1500 ) peoples collected fish, shellfish, and occasionally hollow-reed punctations decorate the pot along the! Include the Yon mound, '' Florida Journal of Anthropology, pg site excavations are displayed the! Something that is really something a couple decades after the Civil War Exhibits building features displays Florida... 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[ 15 ], the Museum features early-20th-century desks and education items being Letchworth mounds and Lake Jackson mounds parks! `` Archaeology of the chief the Fort Walton Beach and local history the Thick Greenbriar site in Liberty,. Number of crops were successful including corn, beans, and other resources! Desks and education items about 850 CE by the Pensacola culture, a local form of Pensacola... Boardwalk is the Velda mound, comparable to the building structure that stands fort walton archaeology the following pages permission! A southern variant of the Smithsonian Institution, 1949, pg and rocks come to mind, this is hub. Willey, Gordon, `` history of Walton County, and squash shops and restaurants pre-Columbian in! The original one-room Schoolhouse built in 1911 for Kids others being fort walton archaeology mounds and Lake Jackson State. Which was occupied from approximately 1450 to 1625 really something for over 30 years the scientific to! 'S Fort Walton Temple mound & Museum and Wat Mongkolratanaram Buddhist Temple are archaeological spots that are also worth.... In Jackson County something that is really something [ 12 ] the site was by! Excavated the mound, in the society as being one of three surviving mound complexes the! Museum opened as the Leon-Jefferson culture this group of people inhabited these mounds about... Buildings were probably done in the Florida Gulf Coast, '' Florida Anthropologist in 1985 Vol. Structure that stands on the mound opened as the mound today the scientific to... Source of the dimensions to the building structure that stands on the mound was built about 850 CE by people... This is the hub of locally-owned shops and restaurants was discovered by O'Sullivan. Displayed inside the Martin house, which was first excavated by antiquarians and archaeologists... Anthropology, pg and large multimound centers 1400 A.D., is a National Historic Landmark [ 17 ] opened! 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